Today we are seeing more and more people going to Antarctica. Thousands of tourists are going to the icy continent to see icebergs and glaciers. Once, Antarctica was visited only by scientists and experienced explorers. However, times are changing now and it becomes easier for average tourists to reach Antarctica. The most common ways of visiting Antarctica is by using ships. Most of these ships depart from South America. The routes are intended to provide tourists with views of the largest number of wildlife. For people with more flexible budget, they could fly from Australia or New Zealand. Regardless of what transportation options you choose, you will leave a significant carbon footprint in the area, which contribute to the global warming effects.
It is quite unfortunate that the Antarctica is also suffering to latest changes. It’s ice sheets are melting at an alarming rate and this contributes to rising sea level. For each person who visits Antarctica, the rate of ice melting will be accelerated. If you insist on going to Antarctica, then you should know some details about it. Antarctica has an active volcano called the Mount Erebus. The tallest peak is called the Vinson Massif at approximately 4,900 meters. The aurora of Antarctica is known as the aurora Australis. Antarctica has no functioning government and the territory belongs to no country. Before people launch satellites to the space orbits, many brave explorers attempted to map the area. The environment was so harsh that we could see pictures of them with small icicles hang from their beard.
Because the environment is so harsh, very little plants can survive and animals adapt to the ice cold condition. When visiting Antarctica, you may see lichen, algae and various hardy varieties of plants that emerge only during summer. Animals that you see may include penguins, whales, fur seals and various fishes. Other bird species are Antarctic terns, petrel and skuas. First people who visited Antarctica are seal hunters and whalers. They are followed by explorers who seek to map the area. In the 20th century, numerous research and weather stations were set up in Antarctica. A wide variety of researches and experiments were conducted and one of the most popular findings was that there is a hole above the Antarctica. Due to the low level of erosion, multiple meteorites were collected in good condition.
With so many wonderful things about Antarctica, it is not too surprising that many people are eager to visit it. The best time to visit Antarctica is during the summer of the southern Hemisphere, which is during December and January. In this period, the sun may never set, so you need to carefully check the time, because it is still quite bright at 11PM.
When visiting Antarctica, you need to stay warm. Make sure that you don’t stay outside for too long. Don’t forget to rest properly and make sure that you can sleep well. You sleep can be somewhat disrupted by the constant presence of the sun. Stay warm and stay safe.