Diabetes Mellitus, also known as Diabetes, is a disorder that causes abnormally high blood sugar levels. Most of the food we eat is broken down into sugar, and the insulin hormone moves this sugar from our bloodstream to our cells for storage.
A patient with Diabetes either does not make enough insulin for this function to happen, or the hormone is not as effective.
In the United States, more than 30% of the population is suffering from diabetes. There are several causes of diabetes you be aware of. If it is left untreated, it can cause serious health problems such as weight gain, heart disease, or kidney failure. These types of damage are the result of damage to small vessels, referred to as microvascular disease.
Causes of Diabetes
Two kinds of Diabetes can occur (type 1 and type 2), and managing the condition depends on the type. However, first, let’s know how sugar is made in the body.
Glucose comes from either food or is produced in the liver. Its blood level is regulated by insulin hormone, which transports excess glucose to cells. Insulin stores glucose in muscle, fat, and liver for later use. As soon as our glucose levels drop, the stored glucose is released.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
This type’s exact causes are unknown; however, it is normally caused by our immune system. Immune cells basically destroy the pancreas cells that produce insulin. As a result, you are left with little insulin; it is not enough for the body to function normally.
Although there are no reasons why your immune cells behave that way, it is said to be caused due to genetics, chemical toxins in our food, or even environmental factors.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, a patient’s body produces insulin but in an inadequate quantity that it is not enough for bodily needs. In many cases, this usually begins with insulin resistance. Due to this, the patient’s pancreas produces larger than normal quantities of insulin.
But with time, it is unable to keep up, and eventually, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. Sometimes liver might malfunction. Whenever blood glucose level falls, the liver releases the stored sugar and stops when enough of it is released.
However, some people’s liver does not slow down.
There are several reasons to type 2 diabetes. Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. Other factors include a bad diet, a sedentary lifestyle, or even age.
How to Prevent Diabetes?
It would help if you prioritize having a healthy lifestyle to avoid diabetes conditions.
1. Losing Weight
Weight control is an integral part of diabetes prevention. You may be able to prevent or delay Diabetes by losing less than 10% of your current weight. For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, your goal would be to lose 10 to 20 pounds. And once you lose the weight, avoid gaining it back.
Make working out a part of your routine. Exercise increases the insulin sensitivity of your cells. So when you exercise, less insulin is required to keep your blood sugar levels under control.
You can talk with your health care professional to find out which exercises are best for you.
2. Cut Sugar Intake
Consuming refined carbs and sugary foods can put at-risk patients on the frantically paced track to forming Diabetes. These foods are broken down into small molecules by your body and are then dissolved into the blood.
Insulin is produced due to the increase in blood sugar levels. In individuals with prediabetes, sugar levels in the blood are high as body cells become insulin resistant. Sugar remains high in the bloodstream because cells become resistant to it. To compensate, the pancreas produces more insulin, attempting to bring blood sugar down to a healthy level.
Over time, this can lead to progressively higher blood sugar and insulin levels until the condition eventually turns into type 2 diabetes.
Also, increase consumption of fiber as it improves your blood sugar control.
3. Quit Smoking
Smoking is the cause of many harmful health conditions. Such conditions include heart disease, cancer, and emphysema. Similarly, people who smoke are more likely to be diabetic.
According to a study including one million people, the risk of Diabetes is increased by 45%.
4. Avoid a Sedentary lifestyle
It is essential to avoid being sedentary if you want to prevent Diabetes.
Avoiding a sedentary lifestyle is highly recommended if you get no or very little physical activity and do not walk much. Changing sedentary behavior can be as mere as getting up from your bed and cleaning your bedroom for a few minutes. It would help if you also went out for a walk regularly.
Diabetes is a life-threatening condition that needs careful blood sugar regulation and a healthy lifestyle for an individual to manage it correctly. Causes of diabetes are mentioned above and with proper care, it is preventable.